Accounting for Purchase Discounts Entry, Example, and More

Posted on 16.06.2023

what is a purchase discount

Hence, the total accounts payable become a total of $15,000 ($1,470 + $30) the same as the original invoice amount. On the other hand, the seller’s incentive to offer discounts is simply the fact that he is going to receive the total amount much earlier than the requested date. It reduces the expenses or cash outflow of the company, but it could not be considered the revenues under the accounting principle. The format that has been mentioned above means that the buyer of goods how to calculate outstanding shares and services can avail of a discount of 5% if he settles the amount within 10 days. My Accounting Course  is a world-class educational resource developed by experts to simplify accounting, finance, & investment analysis topics, so students and professionals can learn and propel their careers. For the past 52 years, Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as an accounting supervisor, manager, consultant, university instructor, and innovator in teaching accounting online.

what is a purchase discount

This journal entry is the same as the perpetual inventory system. This article is not intended to provide tax, legal, or investment advice, and BooksTime does not provide any services in these areas. This material has been prepared for informational purposes only, and should not be relied upon for tax, legal, or investment purposes. The information presented here may be incomplete or out of date.

Is the purchase discount a revenue or expense?

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  1. However, if the invoice is not paid within the discount period, an adjusting entry needs to be made under the net method in order to recognize the loss on the discount.
  2. However, in the net method, we record the purchase transaction at the net amount assuming that the payment would be made exactly on or before the agreed credit term.
  3. Purchase discounts, by nature, are supposed to decrease the purchase costs of the company.
  4. In this term, it means that the business would receive a cash discount of 2% if the business makes payment within the credit term of 30 days.

In this method, the discount received is recorded as the reduction in merchandise inventory. Therefore, the amount of discount is recorded on credit to the merchandise inventory account. In this section, we illustrate the journal entry for the purchase discounts for both net method vs gross method.

Example of a Purchase Discount

Accounting for purchase discounts, we can be recorded under either the net method or the gross method. Both methods provide the same result; however, the accounting journal entry is slightly different. This allows the manufacturers to increase their sales, but it also reduces their cash flow because cash from the sales isn’t being received immediately. This is why vendors traditionally offer purchase discounts to retailers. The retailers are likely to pay the vendors in full before the due date if they will get a slight discount on the price. In the gross method, we record the purchase of merchandise inventory into the purchase account at the original invoice amount.

This means the retailer can buy products from their vendors at the beginning of the month and pay for the products at the end of the month. Thus, in the below section, we illustrate the journal entry to record this purchase transaction from the date of purchase until the date of purchase both receiving a discount and not receiving a discount. The illustration would also illustrate under both perpetual and periodic inventory systems. There is no such account call purchase discounts or purchase returns allowances because the company keeps the inventory on the books at what it paid for it.

what is a purchase discount

Also a general ledger account in which the purchase discounts are recorded under the periodicinventory method. At the end of the accounting period, the company needs to calculate the cost of goods sold by taking into account the purchase discounts. However, if the invoice is not paid within the discount period, an adjusting entry needs to be made under the net method in order to recognize the loss on the discount.


BooksTime is not responsible for your compliance or noncompliance with any laws or regulations. On the contrary, the debtor, who has purchased the goods, has a chance to earn more as a result of the amount that is being withheld. Otherwise, the net amount would be payable in a maximum of 20 days (i.e., 20th January).

Assume that a company receives a supplier’s invoice of $5,000 with the credit terms 2/10 net 30. The company will be allowed to subtract a purchase discount of $100 (2% of $5,000) and remit $4,900 if the invoice is paid in 10 days. In order to illustrate precisely accounting for purchase discounts, let’s assume that ABC Co purchases merchandise inventory from its supplier on November 02, 20X1 at the original invoice amount of $1,500. In this article, we cover the accounting for cash purchase discounts. This includes the illustration of the net method vs gross method of recording purchase discounts both under the perpetual inventory system and periodic inventory system. In this section, we illustrate the journal entry for the purchase discounts for both net methods vs gross method under the periodic inventory system.

The same as the perpetual inventory system, there is a journal entry needed under the gross method to record the adjustment of discount lost. However, under the net method, we need to record adjusting entries to recognize the loss of the discount. The credit terms that are put forth by Blenda Co. mean that Dolphin Inc. is supposed to settle the amount due before 10th January to avail a cash discount of 5%. However, the company could benefit by paying less to its suppliers for the same products or services that it purchases.

What is Accounts Payable? Definition, Recognition, and Measurement, Recording, Example

Purchase discounts are mainly treated as a general ledger account. It is mainly maintained by a company that uses a periodic inventory system. Purchase Discounts is also a general ledger account used by a company purchasing inventory goods and accounting for them under the periodic inventory system.